Gym jargon explained

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If you're new to the gym world here are a few snippets that you need to know...

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Ever wondered what those fitness fanatics in the gym are on about when they're talking shop? Well, now's the time to find out.

We've picked out some of the most commonly used (but mind bogglingly confusing) gym phrases to help you figure out what it all means.

Intervals


This is a form of training that focuses on quick and intense bursts of movement that use lots of energy.

Usually you will do one interval with a very small recovery period and almost immediately follow this with another interval. It doesn't matter what the exercise is for an 'interval', but squats, jumping jacks and quick sprints are a good place to start.

Reps


This is the shortened term for repetitions, or the amount of times you do a particular exercise.

You commonly hear this during weight training where you are told to lift a weight for a certain number of reps. Heavier weights and fewer reps are thought to be the best form of weight training for building strength, while light weights and more reps are used to increase endurance.

Engaging your core


This sounds complicated, but all this means is performing an exercise that uses your abdominals.

This can be as simple as sucking in your stomach and tensing your abs during a Zumba class or performing a workout routine that includes sit-ups, push-ups and burpees.

Drop-sets


This involves dropping to a lighter weight as soon as you can no longer complete a rep of one exercise (using a set weight dumbbell).

For example, you physically can't lift a 10kg weight one more time, so you drop to a 8kg and carry on until you've completed the designated reps.

Partials


This is a method of fully exhausting a muscle. You complete as many full reps as you can and as soon as this gets too hard you do as many 3/4 reps as you can, followed by 1/2 reps and 1/4 reps until you stop completely. Reps that are not using your full range of motion are called partials.

Fat-burning zone


This is a level of exercise intensity that increases your heart rate to around 60-70% of its maximum.

It also causes your body to use stored fat as its primary source of fuel. So you're not going full pelt, but you're not going too slow either.

Supersets


This involves doing two or more exercises back to back without a break. For example you might do 15 squats and then immediately do 15 jumping jacks.

WEIRD PHYSICAL REACTIONS TO INTENSE EXERCISE




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